PINELLAS COUNTY, FLORIDA - Helpful information about Pinellas lawns & landscapes.

Which Water Source is Best For Irrigation of St Augustine Lawns

Irrigation is Required to Keep a Lawn healthy in Pinellas County
Irrigation is mandatory for a growing a healthy lawn in Pinellas County

Selecting a Water Source

Selecting a water source in Pinellas is determined by availability - you use what you got. However if you have choices, you should choose the best for the health of your lawn. In Pinellas we have four water sources for irrigation (ranked from best to worst): Reclaimed, Surface, Well and Potable.

Reclaimed Water: Water Reclaimed from Waste Water Treatment

Reclaimed water is biologically active and the best for a healthy lawn. Reclaimed water is a byproduct of biologically treating waste water(composting). When waste water is treated, solids sink to the bottom of the tank and the water is drained off (reclaimed) for irrigation use. Reclaimed water does receive some sterilization but not filtration. The physical and chemical properties of reclaim water are intact and biological activity will resume quickly after exposure to the air and soil (inoculation).

Surface Water: Ponds and Lakes

Surface water is also biologically active, however lake biology is different than waste water treatment biology. Surface water biology is great for fish and frogs but the turf and soil biology is more akin to waste water treatment biology (composting). As good as surface water is for irrigation, it is still not as good as reclaimed water.

Well Water: Shallow and Deep Wells

Well water is biologically neutral. Since it comes from below ground there is no biological activity - well water is just wet. Well water can contain beneficial minerals such as iron and calcium or harmful salts and metals.

Potable Water: City Supplied Water

Potable water is biologically inactive and for good reason. All biological activity has been stopped for health reasons. And worse, there are chemicals added to potable water that prevent biological activity. When applied to a lawn, potable water is a mild sterilizer, preventing composting that is so necessary for healthy turf. Not only is potable water the worse water source, it is the most expensive.

Stop Using Potbale Water for Irrigation -  Not only is potable water the worse water for irrigation, it is also the most expensive source. The savings from switching from potable water to a well, will pay for the well in less than a year. Even though there is no shortage of reclaimed, surface or well water we have water restrictions. Why? The utilities failed to build enough potable water plants to supply all of Tampa Bay's drinking water needs. In an effort to reduce potable water usage, the Tampa Water Users (a regional water authority) restrict irrigation by all water sources in an vain attempt to reduce potable water usage. The better solution would be to outlaw the use of potable water for irrigation purposes and leave reclaimed, surface and well water unrestricted.

Related Articles:

How Does SWFWMD Save Potable Water by Restricting Lawn Irrigation With Well Water?

How to Set Up Your Irrigation System to Keep a St Augustine Lawn Alive with 2x Week Watering Restrictions

Soil and Water: Why Irrigation is Mandatory in Pinellas

Article by Rick Orr
APL Lawn Spraying Inc.

Rick Orr is the creator of, an Agronomist and the Owner/Operator of APL Lawn Spraying. Rick is a graduate from VA Tech in Agronomy (Turf Ecology). He has been a Golf Course Superintendent, Certified Arborist, Landscape Contractor, Irrigation Contractor and Adjunct Professor for Environmental Horticulture.

Rick is an expert at growing St Augustine turf. Since 1995, Rick has spent his time researching, developing and testing the best management practices for St Augustine turf grown in Pinellas County.

The results of that work is a one of the top rated lawn spray companies in Pinellas County – APL Lawn Spraying. APL Lawn Spraying is a family owned business serving residential and commercial properties in Pinellas County, FL.

APL Lawn Spraying provides lawn spraying to commercial properties, HOA’s and single family homes. To request a free quote for your property, click here: Free Advice or Price Quote

Speaking Engagments - Does it seem like you are only hearing one side of water restrictions, fertilizer bans, plant restrictions and many other urban landscape hot topics? Rick Orr is available for speaking engagements for your HOA, Community or Professional Association or Garden Club about a variety of subjects. Call or email for more information.

Facebook Twitter YouTube Pinterest

Visit the Author's Website