Homeowners Guide to Properly Caring for a St Augustine Lawn


By Rick Orr 06/13/2021
St Augustine grass lawn with posting sign
St Augustine needs water, a tall canopy, and protection from pests

Three fundamentals to a Great St Augustine Lawn

  1. Watering - Mission Critical - Copious amounts of water is the single most determining factor for the success of your lawn
  2. Mowing - The Height is Important - Mowing at 4” or higher is mandatory – anything less and expect less of a lawn
  3. Lawn Spraying - Fertility/Bugs/Weeds - Lawn spraying maintains the fertility at medium levels, protects from insects and reduces weed populations

Water, mowing, and lawn spraying are the three legs of the lawn care stool – remove one of the legs and the stool falls. The next sections cover the three fundamentals in more detail.

Irrigation watering a St Augustine Lawn
WATER: Water is the Fuel that Runs the Grass

#1: Watering

"Step # 1 to a great lawn is a great irrigation system" Rick Orr, Agronomist

Water Myths and Other Nonsense

When it comes to watering your lawn, there are a lot of myths and misinformation being presented as ways to water your lawn. Let’s clear those myths out of the way with facts about lawn watering.

  • When you water your lawn from a well, pond, or reclaimed source, you are not wasting water, you are recycling water
  • Fungus is a minor problem - usually cosmetic and not lethal - in St Augustine lawns - death by fungus is rare, death by water stress is fast, complete, and common
  • Using rain/thundershowers to keep your lawn alive does not work - it never rains often enough to keep a lawn alive.
  • Lawns grown in the sandy soils of Pinellas County are nearly impossible to over water - If you over water, you can fix that by cutting the water back, and the lawn recovers. But if you underwater, your lawn will die in hours.
  • If you are going to err, err on the side of overwatering

Your Lawn Needs Water – Rain or Irrigation -  at Least 3x per week.

In less than 72 hours after rain or irrigation, the sandy soils of Pinellas County will be dry - no longer able to sustain a lawn. In other words, if your lawn goes more than 3 days without rain or irrigation it will start to die – the weak and sunny areas first then shady areas and the healthy areas last.

Sprays = 15 minutes and Rotors = 45 minutes.

There is no one-size-fits-all here – this is a starting point. Adjust for your lawn and landscape. Sunny areas need more – shady areas need less. Weak areas need more – healthy areas need less. And if you are going to err – err on the side of overwatering.

Irrigation: Adjust, Repair, Watch

Water is mission-critical – no water, no lawn. Legally you can check your irrigation for function at any time. Money and time spent on maintaining the irrigation system makes your lawn greener. Pay attention to edges – that is where most of the trouble starts – be sure that you slightly overspray driveways, sidewalks, and patios to ensure the edges get plenty of water.

Man mowing a St Augustine lawn on a rider mower
MOWING – Mow as High as the Mower Will Go

#2: Mowing

Mow as High as the Mower Will Go

St Augustine lives above ground and requires a tall thick canopy to survive. The above-ground stems (called stolons) form a thick mat lying on top of the soli. The roots grow down and the leaves grow upward. If St Augustine is mowed below 3" the stems and roots will be exposed to the harsh Florida sun - soon to dry out and perish - no stems and roots - no grass!

Fight Back with a 4" Lawn

I have seen a St Augustine lawn go from weedy, thin and ugly to thick, lush and green simply by raising the mower to the highest setting. Many have tried to keep a “tight” lawn and failed. Yet, rarely have I seen trouble on a lawn mowed at 4” or higher.


A man spraying a lawn
Lawn Spraying - Fertilizing and Pest Control - Best Done by Professionals

#3: Fertility, Insects and Weeds (AKA Lawn Spraying)

Lawn Spraying Requires a Bit More than a Trip to Home Depot

Lawn spraying is the most technical of the three fundamentals – and is usually done by professionals. Doesn’t mean you cannot do it yourself – but keep in mind that the learning curve is steep, the variety of products is overwhelming and the cost is often more than hiring a professional.

I am not going into the details for fertilizer, insecticides, and herbicides because it is a deep rabbit hole of products, formulations, application equipment, timing, and more. My best advice is to hire a good local independent lawn spraying company or be willing to spend the time (years) to develop your own programs for fertility and pest control.

Keep the Fertility at Medium Levels

Keeping fertility at medium levels requires frequent but light applications of fertilizers. A lawn can only use so much fertilizer at one time – it does not store up food in a pantry for later use – over-fertilizing is just throwing fertilizer down the drain.

Control Damaging Insects – Chinch Bugs, Grubs, Sod Webworms

Insects are problematic in the warm months – February through October in Pinellas County. Curative treatments happen after the damage is observed and require an insecticide plus lawn repair. Preventative treatments protect the lawn from damage but must be targeted based on the biology of the species to be prevented. Knowing insect biology and the mode of action of insecticides is mandatory for an effective preventative program.

Reduce Weeds

Weeds are a reoccurring problem – there is no “one and done” solution. Your best “herbicide” is a well water, mowed high, medium fertilized, and insect-free lawn. Then, for a healthy lawn, constant and persistent herbicide use will reduce weed counts to acceptable levels. St Augustine is very sensitive to herbicides – choosing and using the right herbicide at the right time is challenging.


Rick Orr Owner-Operator APL Pest Control/Creator of ILOVETURF.COM
APL Pest Control

Rick Orr is the creator of Iloveturf.com, Owner/Operator of APL Pest Control, and a graduate of VA Tech in Agronomy (Turf Ecology).  

Since 1980, Rick worked in the green industry, mostly with golf courses, resorts, and large communities. Rick worked as a Golf Course Superintendent of Fripp Island Resort, agronomist for Seaside, FL, and the spray tech for Vinoy Golf Course. Rick has been certified as an arborist, landscape and irrigation contractor, and adjunct professor for Environmental Horticulture (SPC) in Pinellas County.  

Home Pest Control came naturally. Entomology (bug science) was part of agronomy studies. Nearly every indoor pest problem starts outdoors. Crossing over to home pest control from lawn spraying was a natural process – the technology, methods, and materials used for home pest control are modifications of the ones used for lawn spraying. 

The result of that work is one of the top-rated pest control companies in Pinellas County – APL Pest Control. APL Pest Control is a family-owned business serving residential and commercial properties in Pinellas County, FL. 

Free Price Quote for Home Pest Control and/or Lawn Care CLICK HERE

To learn more about APL Pest Control CLICK HERE

Speaking Engagements - Does it seem like you are only hearing one side of water restrictions, fertilizer bans, plant restrictions, and many other urban landscape hot topics? Rick Orr is available for speaking engagements for your HOA, Community or Professional Association, or Garden Club about a variety of subjects. To contact Rick you can find him on FacebookTwitterLinkedIn, and Instagram for booking information.